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Inulin Propionate Ester powder is a unique new ingredient and supplement that may be able to support fat and weight loss. It does so by helping to suppress appetite and desire for energy dense food...
Ready to take your gains to the next level? Then read on to find the best supplements you should be taking as an advanced or more experienced trainer. Your supplements needs are going to very...
We all know creatine for its ability to boost muscle creatine and phosphocreatine stores, which are the body’s preferred fuel source for very high intensity exercise. But it might come as a...
Lactose intolerance is one of the most common food intolerances known. Producing distention and gas in the small intestine, lactose intolerance is also one of the most widely accepted types of...
Cynara scolymus is a common ingredient in liver support formulas that has a rich history of historical use for a wide variety of ailments, but is also enjoys modern supporting scientific evidence for
What is Hemp Seed Oil and what are some of its benefits and side effects? We examine where hemp seed oil comes from, what it's commonly used for and the common dosage and timing of supplementation...
What is calcium citrate and what are its benefits? We take a look at how calcium citrate is made and how it can benefit your training and results. We also examine ideal doses and supplement timing...
Salmon protein powder is a relatively new type of protein supplement that will grow in popularity over time. Derived from the oily fish salmon, it is naturally high in omega 3 fatty acids as well...
Withania somnifera is a well-known adaptogenic herb that also goes by the name of ashwagandha or Indian ginseng. It has a history of use in Ayurvedic medicine but as far as bodybuilding goes, it...
What's better for muscle growth? Protein powders or amino acid supplements? We take a look at the key difference between the two types of supplements, when you should be using them and which one...
A new study has given every indication that the myriad of pre workout supplements stacked with beta-alanine and creatine are likely to increase weight training capacity in the gym. While the study...
Does gluten make you fat or gain weight? We take a look at what exactly gluten is, the difference between gluten intolerance, coeliac disease and gluten sensitivity as well as the gluten free diets...
Most savvy supplement users are aware of the basic dosing protocol for [category:post-workout-supplements alt="" html="0"]creatine supplementation[/category]. Namely, a loading phase (~20g/day)...
Known better for its endurance performance –enhancing properties, more recent studies have started to look at how the naturally-occurring nitrate in beetroot might help boost anaerobic measures...
Beef protein has enjoyed a resurgence in popularity in recent times and the latest findings of a study published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition will do nothing to...
What are some of the biggest food and ingredient trends in the health and supplements industry? We take a look at emerging new health foods and what you can expect to see in some of your meals and...
DMHA or dimethylhexylamine is a stimulant compound that also goes by some other names such as 2-aminoisoheptane or octodrine. If you’re just talking about 2-aminoisoheptane, there’s actually two...
There's been a bit of interest with the safety of green tea extract lately. So what is green tea extract exactly and is it actually dangerous? We take a look at the evidence and debunk any...
A soon-to-be-published study in the Journal of Sports and Health Science has provided welcomed new evidence concerning the ergogenic properties of Tribulus terrestris. As the herb most well known...
A new study has provided promising evidence that the humble tart cherry might be an effective supplement for reducing muscle soreness and damage following resistance exercise. Published in the...
Research on beetroot juice has traditionally focused on its effects in endurance athletes. But a new study has suggested bodybuilders and strength athletes may stand to benefit from the nature’s...
Isomalto-oligosaccharide (IMO) is the overriding name given to a mixtures of oligosaccharides such as isomaltulose, panose, isomaltotriose and isomaltotetraose. Commercial IMO powders typically differ
Bryonia Laciniosa is a herb that is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine as an aphrodisiac and an anti-ageing supplement. It has since gathered interest as a possible testosterone support...
Success in competitive sports is not all about physical ability. The speed and accuracy of decision-making plays a crucial part; particularly in team sports. Working on the basic assumption that...
The sports science community has been promoting creatine supplements for decades now, but it is still one of those supplements that confuses people the most. In this week’s Q & A, we take a look at...
2-aminoisoheptane is a relatively new stimulant that has begun to appear in a range of pre workout supplements and is said to be a suitable replacement to AMP Citrate as well as the banned...
Muscle soreness sucks. There’s no sugar coating it. That dreadful feeling when you wake up the next day and you have trouble completing the simplest of daily tasks such as showering, walking down...
There’s been a wealth of research published in the last decade on the beneficial effects of nitrate supplementation (predominantly in the form of beetroot) on different aspects of exercise...
Whether you love it in steak form or frequently chug it down in shakes after your workouts, protein is one of those ingredients that seems to be popping up everywhere we look. While most of us have...
Pre workouts are pretty fantastic supplements. While they’re often underestimated, they can really help boost training performance and results including strength, power, endurance and pump. One of...
Quinoa protein is the latest plant based protein which will soon be hitting the shelves as an excellent alternative to other plant based proteins such as soy protein, pea protein and rice...
The demand for protein is growing around the world fuelled by growing economies and a growing passion and focus on health. In fact, increased consumption of higher protein food sources such as meat...
With a multitude of studies supporting it efficacy for improving performance in a wide variety of sports involving intermittent high intensity, there is little debate as to beta-alanine’s...
Eria Jarensis and Eria jarensis extract is an interesting ingredient that is tipped by many in the supplement industry as being the new replacement to DMAA and also many of the stronger stimulants...
We all throw back our pre workouts loaded with caffeine day-in-day-out on the assumption that it will help us lift more. So it’s nice to see studies surface from time to time which confirm some of...
The notion of using sodium bicarbonate to buffer muscle acidity during times of intense exercise has been around for decades, with the first studies appearing in the early 1980’s. It’s a wonder...
It’s arguably the most popular and prevalent ergogenic in pre workouts and fat burner supplements. Even so, there’s a lot that science still has to piece together when it comes to how best to use...
Recently an increasing number of whey proteins have been popping up showcasing the fact they only contain whey protein from ‘grass fed cows’. Such products carry the general assertion that their...
Forskolin is a chemical that is found in the roots of the Coleus plant, a plant that has been used for thousands of years in the Indian Ayurvedic medical tradition. Traditionally, forskolin was used..
Two decades ago, we used to laud carbs, demonise fat, and nobody except for serious athletes and bodybuilders really gave a second thought to protein. How times have changed. Protein is, of course,...
Yohimbine is a naturally occurring plant alkaloid which is used as a fat burner, a general stimulant, and a remedy for erectile dysfunction. It comes from the bark of the Pausinystalia yohimbe tree...
There has been huge and increasing interest in botanically derived substances amongst western scientists in the past few decades, with a particular focus on plants that have a history of use in....
Amentoflavone is a plant alkaloid which is found naturally in a number of different plants, including Gingko biloba and St John's Wort. Initial research has shown that this naturally occurring...
Weight gainer proteins can be a really useful tool for anyone who is trying to bulk up. Putting on lean muscle requires a calorie excess, meaning that you need to consume more than you are burning...
Also known as Kanna, and by the brand name Zembrin, Sceletium Tortuosum is a herb which has long been used for its psychoactive and analgesic properties. It has recently made its way into a number...
Protein is an essential part of the diet, and something that our bodies need for growth and repair. Over the past decade, there has been a large shift in the way we eat, and the...
Theacrine or 1,3,7,9-tetramethyluric acid is a purine alkaloid compound which is fast becoming the new kid on the block in terms of stimulants. Extremely similar to caffeine, Theacrine began...
Whey is considered the gold standard in protein supplementation because it is well digested, has a high bioavailability, and is high in muscle building Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs). WPI...
Androsterone, also known as 1-DHEA, 1-Androsterone or 1-Andro, is a steroid prohormone that is metabolised into a form of testosterone known as 1-testosterone, or dihydroboldenone, in the body...
Some people say that losing weight is a simple matter of putting less fuel into your body than you're burning for energy. Sure, that's technically an accurate way to put it, but it's also an...
Also known as Rhus vernicifluum or the Chinese Lacquer Tree, Toxicodendron vernicifluum is one of the latest botanical extracts to pop up in sporting supplements, drawing questions from many people...
Anthocyanins are a group of water soluble pigments found in most types of plant. They are responsible for the bright blues, purples and reds found in many fruits, vegetables and flowers...
2,4-Dinitrophenol is a synthetic aromatic nitrogen compound. It is primarily used as an antiseptic, but has a number of uses in industry, in the manufacture of explosives and herbicides, and it is con
Black rice, also known as purple rice and forbidden rice, has been around for thousands of years, but has recently risen the ranks in popularity to the point where people are calling it a superfood...
Over the past few years, AMP Citrate has become a popular ingredient in pre workouts and weight loss formulations. Scientifically, it is known as methylpentanamine, 4-amino-2-methylpentane citrate...
Creatine is one of the best researched and most effective ergogenic supplements on the market. Creatine is a naturally occurring amino acid which is vital for providing our muscles with quick energy.
Tribulus terrestris is a plant that has been used in Ayurvedic medicine and throughout Eastern Europe, for thousands of years. It was used to enhance libido, strength and stamina, and more generally a
Acacia rigidula, also known as Vachellia rigidula, is an ingredient with an intriguing and controversial history. The tree from which the extract is taken is native to the southern United States...
Many people were left quite alarmed this week by some very confronting study results which made the claim that users of muscle building supplements ran a significantly increased risk of developing...
Traditionally speaking, whey is the liquid left over when milk is curdled. It is made up of water, sugars, fats, and protein. When people in the fitness community talk about whey, they're more than...
Krill Oil is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid). These fatty acids are considered to be 'essential' because our bodies are unable to produc
What is Cacao? Cacao is also known as the cocoa bean or the cacao bean. In spite of their identical origins and confusingly similar names, cacao and cocoa are two different products. Cacao is...
A study conducted by the Australian Institute of Sport has provided preliminary evidence that aggressive supplementation with curcumin (i.e. 5g/day) may help reduce delayed onset muscle soreness...
Kefir is a fermented milk drink with the consistency of thin yoghurt. It is prepared using kefir grains, small gelatinous crystals made up of various species of lactobacilli and yeast enclosed in a...
Fenugreek is a common component in natural testosterone boosters. However. to date there has only been one study in humans where it was taken as part of a 4-day/wk weight training regime and...
Most athletes (especially endurance), acknowledge that increasing training intensity is a key factor in improving performance. But the risk with any increase in training intensity is that one...
In chemical gobbledygook, phosphatidic acid (PA) is a classified as a diacyl-glycerophospholipid, in which two fatty acids and a phosphate group are covalently bonded...
A whoping 8g dose of citrulline malate is the exact amount it took to increase the rep output in both upper and lower-body exercises over 5 sets of various exercises in two recent studies. In...
What is Matcha? Matcha is a high quality, finely ground green tea, notable for its characteristic bright green colour. It is consumed as a beverage and also used as a natural colouring and...
As its name suggests, micellar whey combines the benefits of both whey and micellar casein. More specifically, micellar whey is said to consist of whey protein particles...
What is N-methyltyramine (NMT)? N-methyltyramine (NMT), otherwise known as 4-hydroxy-N-methylphenethylamine, is a stimulant that has become popular in pre-workouts and fat loss supplements. This...
Picamilon, also commonly spelled as Pikamilon or nicotinoyl-GABA is a common dietary supplement that is made by combining niacin (vitamin B3) with GABA or gamma aminobutyric acid. Developed in the...
Green tea has been popular in parts of Asia for hundreds of years, both as a drink, and as a traditional remedy. Over the past few decades, Western science has taken a strong interest in...
In scientific gobbledygook PQQ is defined broadly as a enzyme cofactor and more specifically as a growth factor in plants and animals1. This essentially means PQQ is involved in the regulation of the
Whey is well known as the gold standard in proteins, but what a lot of people don't know is that soy isolate is hot on its heels. The fact that this plant-based protein is nearly...
Fermentation is a metabolic process through which bacteria and yeast convert sugars and starches in food and drink items into acids and alcohols. It is a process that helps to produce a lot of...
What is Burdock?  Burdock is a name that refers to a number of plants from the Arctium genus, but is more specifically used to describe Arctium lappa, also known as Greater or Edible Burdock. The...
In much welcomed news, a study has finally surfaced on the hot new form of creatine that's been appearing in a lot of the new pre workouts; namely, creatine nitrate. Funded by none other than...
Norvaline is a water soluble amino acid which is an isomer of a the branched chain amino acid (BCAA), Valine. Isomers are simply molecules with the same chemical composition but different structure...
Silk amino acids originate from silk proteins produced from silkworm and have been ingested as part of the diet in Asian countries for a long time. Two proteins called fibroin and sericin are the main
Australian protein specialists Max’s have recently been on a roll with their new range of protein snacks. Max’s SuperShred Bars are the latest to join the Max’s ranks and are a replacement for the...
What is Elderberry? Elderberry refers to the fruit from a genus of flowering plants known as Sambucus. Elderberries and elderflowers are used as food and flavouring agents throughout Europe, where...
Natural and Organic proteins hit the shelves years ago, where they catered to a niche market. Over the past few years, this section of the market has exploded, with supplement giants like Optimum...
Isomaltulose or Palatinose is a pure, white, crystalline carbohydrate derived from the natural source of sucrose. It can be found in e.g. honey and sugar cane extract. Isomaltulose...
Nitrosigine is a patented form of arginine which is bound to silicate. It was developed specifically for the bodybuilding and sports nutrition market, to assist with boosting nitric oxide, pump, and..
Wheat germ is a component of the wheat grain. It is considered a by-product in the manufacture of white flour but it is retained in whole grain flour, and it is responsible for some of its...
Apple Cider Vinegar also known as ACV is a type of vinegar which is a popular food ingredient for a range of salad dressings, vinaigrettes, marinades, chutneys and other food items but has also...
Pterostilbene is a compound that is related to resveratrol, though containing two additional methyl groups. It is thought that pterostilbene has a range of benefits including reducing blood lipids...
What Is Cayenne Pepper? Cayenne Pepper, also known as Red Pepper, Guinea Spice, Cowhorn or Bird Pepper, is a spice which is used in cooking. It contains high levels of capsaicin, the compound...
Contrary to the popular sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) that we all like buying around Christmas time and gorging ourselves silly with, the tart cherry is the other...
What is Chitosan?  Chitosan is a naturally derived long chain, linear polysaccharide made up of glucosamine and N-acetyl glucosamine molecules. It has a number of uses in fields as diverse as...
Formally named cytidine-5-diphosphocholine, but also commonly called citicoline in the medical literature, CDP-choline (as it is most often abbreviated) is a naturally...
Most people tend to take supplements during the day, however, to really up the ante when it comes to your results, a night time supplement may be just what you need. There are a couple of...
Schisandra, sometimes spelt as “Schizandra” is a genus of flowering plant. More specifically in sports nutrition and bodybuilding, it refers to a specific species, Schisandra chinensis. This plant...
What is AAKG? AAKG, or Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate, is a salt made up of amino acid arginine, and metabolic intermediate alpha-ketoglutarate. It is a popular supplement, particularly before a...
You may be wondering why it is that there seems to be a large variety of supplements that are not available for sale in Australia. There are many reasons for why this may be true, but many of these...
Nowadays omega-3 fatty acids are touted as remedies for a range of disorders from eye conditions  and sore joints to heart disease and diabetes. But one application where they have received...
A new study has provided welcomed proof of citrulline malate’s efficacy in improving muscle strength during weight training. Researchers from Mississippi State University and Auburn University...
DMBA HCL also known as 1,3-dimethylbutylamine HCL or 2-Amino-4-methylpentane HCL, is the latest stimulant to be popularised by the bodybuilding and fitness supplement industry. Chemically very...
What is Horsetail? Horsetail the common name given to the ancient plants of the species Equisetum. Common Horsetail, Equisetum arvese, has been used for a very long time in traditional and folk...
Acacia rigidula extract is an ingredient that is used in a number of pre-workouts and weight loss supplements. Hailed by many people as the new DMAA, it is attracting some...
Researchers from Denmark are among the first to uncover some of the specific mechanisms governing accelerated muscle growth in response to resistance exercise and whey protein supplementation. A...
What is Higenamine? Higenamine, also known as norcolaurine, belongs to a class of substances called beta-2 adrinergic receptor agonists, which mimic the activity of neurotransmitters in the body....
In recent times, there has been a renewed interest in the role that protein can play in enhancing training adaptations and ultimately performance in endurance athletes. Traditionally, the realm...
There’s plenty of research making a sound case for hefty doses of beetroot juice improving performance for your average endurance athlete. But of the three most popular endurance sports (i.e....
Obesity is often called an epidemic and it has been recognised as one of the major public health issues in the western world. Obesity is associated with a number of pathogenic states, including...
Most competitive athletes nowadays are engaged in some type of periodised training program. Such programs typically include occasional periods of high intensity training. While such periods are
What is Agave? Agave syrup, or agave nectar, is an alternative sweetener produced from the sap of the agave plant. Agave is very high in fructose, the simple sugar found in fruit. Fructose does not...
These days, as people become aware of the health risks of eating too much processed food and back to basics diets like paleo enjoy ever increasing popularity, more and more health conscious people...
Safe, natural, and effective, green tea extract is one of those ingredients that pops up in a lot of supplements, most notably fat metabolisers. The major active chemicals in green tea are known as...
A recent study in rats comparing the effects of whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) with whey protein concentrate (WPC) has produced a novel, somewhat unexpected finding. While a number of subtle...
A few years ago, the notion of taking oral adenosine-5’-triphosphate (ATP) to improve performance was often ridiculed for its simplicity and naivety. While everyone recognises that ATP is the...
Creatine is a natural substance produced by our own bodies, which is also present in most people's diet. Becoming popular in the early 90s, Creatine monohydrate is probably the most widely used...
What is Kombucha? Kombucha is a fermented black tea beverage which is touted for its supposed health effects. Due to the fermentation process, it is slightly effervescent and has a sour taste. The...
Long Jack (also known as Eurycoma longifolia, Longifolia, Jack, Tongkat Ali and Malaysian Ginseng) has traditionally been used throughout South East Asia as an aphrodisiac, an antimicrobial, a cure...
Whey Protein Isolate, commonly known as WPI is one of the most popular protein supplements around. What sets it apart from other proteins is its extremely fast absorbing nature and its purity...
Colostrum is the first milk produced by a mammal after birth to nourish, promote growth and immune fuction in...
DIM or diindolylmethane is a compound which is formed as a result of digestion of a substance called indole-3-carbonol, which is found in cruciferous vegetables. DIM is responsible for many of the...
For most people, 'weight loss' is an inaccurate term. While the goal is to see the needle on the scales creep down, it's a safe bet that fat loss, rather than the loss of lean muscle is what the...
Long used in the Indian Ayurvedic medical tradition, fenugreek has been employed in the treatment of a very wide variety of conditions affecting almost every system of the body on top of its...
Egg Protein Side Effects   Eggs are many a bodybuilder's best friend. In the days before protein powder, people looking to bulk up would drink these down raw. For many people, eggs are an...
Nootropics are a relatively new phenomenon in the supplement industry, even though many of the ingredients that have nootropic properties have been known for centuries. While protein powders and...
D-Aspartic acid (DAA) is an amino acid which is produced naturally by the body. It is an alternate form of L-Aspartic Acid, which is one of the 22 amino acids used by the body for protein...
What is Litramine? Litramine is a weight loss aid that attracts and binds tightly to fat within the GI tract, preventing it from being absorbed, instead sweeping it out of the body as waste. A...
Nootropics are a relatively new term designated to a whole range of drugs, supplements, nutraceuticals and functional foods that are said to support and improve mental and cognitive function and...
Whey protein hydrolysate or hydrolysed whey protein is obtained through hydrolysing (or treating with enzymes) whey protein. The process chops up the protein into shorter chains of amino acids known..
Human Growth Hormone, or somatotropin, is produced by the body's pituitary gland, and it is the main hormone driving growth and development in children and adolescents. As can be expected, levels...
Since coming into common usage in the early 1990s, creatine has developed a reputation as one of the best studied and most effective ergogenic supplements on the market. A natural substance that...
ZMA is a blend of vitamins and minerals that is used by many men to increase strength, boost testosterone levels, and assist sleep. It is made up of zinc, magnesium and vitamin B6, all of which are...
Intra workouts are one of the newest categories of supplements on the market, and have become very popular in a short amount of time, particularly amongst elite...
Hawthorn berry, sometimes known as Thornapple, May-tree, White Horn, Hawberry or just Haw, is the fruit of a tree from the genus Crataegus. The small red fruit is not a...
As arguably the most popular type of bodybuilding supplement, its invariable that individuals will run into some type of side effects from time to time when using a given whey protein supplement...
Sage Leaf Tea is made from the leaves of the sage plant, Salvia officinalis. Sage is best known as a popular culinary herb, used predominantly in European cooking, but it...
Carnitine is one of the oldest and best studied supplements on the market. It is a natural substance which is synthesised in the liver and kidneys from amino acids lysine and methionine, and is...
Many people have allergies or intolerances, or do not wish to consume dairy based proteins, or proteins of animal origin. For those people, soy protein is an excellent alternative. Health Benefits...
7-Keto is widely used as a weight loss supplement. This thermogenic compound is included in a number of fat loss formulations and is also sold as a stand alone product. It has attracted a lot of...
Glutamine is essential in protein metabolism, where it plays a number of roles, including the transport and donation of nitrogen-containing molecules, which are essential for building of new...
Beta Alanine is a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which means it is not used by the body to produce protein. It is best known as the limiting ingredient in the body's production of carnosine, and...
Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are a unique type of fatty acid, by virtue of their structure. The designation ‘medium’ refers to the length of the fatty acids, which is measured by the number of...
Ther term "amino acid" is used to describe a class of compound containing both an amino group and an organic acid. Amino acids have a huge variety of roles that support health and wellbeing, and...
Tribulus Terrestris is a plant natve to many parts of the world, including Eastern Europe, India and China. Known by a number of names, including Puncture Vine, Devil's Thorn, Gokshura, Yingjili,...
Fish oil has long been praised for its many benefits. These most notably include improving cardiovascular health by lowering triglycerides and blood pressure, and easing the pain and inflammation...
Fish oil is one of the most popular health supplements out there. With an enormous number of benefits, and backed by decades of research attesting to its effectiveness, this is no surprise. Fish...
Fish oil is extracted from oily fish like Salmon, Mackerel and Cod, and as is the case with many supplements which are derived directly from edible sources, it is widely known as a very safe and...
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are an incredibly popular category of supplements for both strength and endurance athletes. If your reading this article, there’s a very good chance you know...
Creatine is one of the oldest and best known sports supplements on the market. Searching the scientific literature will uncover thousands upon thousands of articles attesting to the performance...
HMB free acid is marketed under the trademark name BetaTOR by Metabolic Technologies Inc. HMB or beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate is a leucine metabolite and can be available as either a calcium sa...
Endurance supplements are an ever growing category of sports supplements that are also seeing an increase in diversity. Reports that 'cycling is the new golf' suggest increasing number of individuals
Natural Protein powders are exactly what they sound like – protein powders manufactured without artificial ingredients such as colours, flavours, sweeteners or preservatives. Additionally, these...
If your anything like the average endurance athlete, you’re probably not rolling in cash, and therefore need to be selective about what endurance supplements you buy. Just like the world of protein...
There are many types of protein enjoying success on the market, and they cover a wide array of properties, for example, some proteins have a better amino acid spectrum while others are easier to...
Leucine peptides is the general term used to define certain leucine-containing di- and tripeptides. Leucine peptides are appearing at an increasing rate in various sports supplements from pre...
AMP citrate is a compound by many names. Some may refer to it as methylpentanamine, while others call it 1,3-dimethylbutylamine. Whatever it is called, there’s one thing that is certain, this compound
Optimum Nutrition 100% Whey Gold Standard is the leading protein on the market today, as it has been for many years. With a great reputation, high quality ingredients, and a clever, up to date...
Optimum Nutrition 100% Whey Gold Standard is one of the top selling proteins, if not the best seller, on the market. While other proteins come and go, Gold Standard has managed to hold onto this...
Beta-alanine has been studied so heavily in recent years that it’s almost impossible to question its ergogenic potential. But as is the nature of science, once a theory is proven on both a...
Amino Acid rich food is important for building muscle and maintaining normal metabolic function in the body. Protein is made of amino acids, so the best place to find aminos is in protein rich...
Traditionally recognised as the ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ proteins of the sports nutrition world, whey and casein are the two pillar proteins of sport supplements. But which one is better for putting on...
Creatine is made from amino acids, and it is produced in the body by the liver and kidneys. It is also present in foods of animal origin, particularly meat, and the diet is a significant creatine...
What is Tri-Creatine Malate? Creatine is one of the most popular and effective sports supplements on the market, and it has been proven time and time again to improve strength, endurance and...
Testosterone is one of the holy grails of bodybuilding. It is the hormone that sculpts that sought after, strong, cut, physique - it makes it easier to gain muscle and banish fat, and on top of...
Creatine is often considered by the training and sports science community as one of the most powerful and effective supplements there are. In fact, creatine can be said to be truly the ‘best...
Virgin coconut oil is the name given to oil extracted from fresh (i.e. within 24 hours) coconut palms (Cocos nucifera L.) by wet processing with minimal heat exposure....
What is Coconut Oil? Coconut oil as its name suggests comes from coconut palms or Cocos nucifera. It is often referred to as copra oil, because copra is the name given to the dried meat, or...
It’s the question that almost everyone wants an answer to. Whether you pound the pavement or pump iron, burning some extra fat during your workout is a desirably aim for almost anyone. With the...
Magnesium is often called "The Muscle Mineral". Aside from being involved in hundreds of enzymatic reactions and playing an essential role in the production of energy within the cells, studies have...
One of the most noticeable trends over the past few years is the increasing popularity of functional nutrition. As superfoods slowly edge their way into the mainstream, people are dosing up on...
Weight loss smoothies are one of the most popular meal options for individuals looking to lose weight -  largely due to their ease of preparation and good taste. The options are literally endless...
Sore muscles are the bane of any athlete's existence, and the wide variety of methods touted to speed up recovery time is constantly being added to through research and innovation, as well as...
Beta alanine is one of the more popular sports supplements on the market. It is a non-proteinogenic, non-essential amino acid that along with histidine, makes up carnosine. Carnosine acts as a...
L-Carnitine is arguably one of the oldest and most popular single-ingredient supplements in the sport of bodybuilding, having been around for some 3 decades. In contrast, its acetylated form,...
Fish oil is one of the most popular nutritional supplements on the market. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA and has a number of beneficial effects on the body such as reducing...
There is no doubt that the sport of bodybuilding owes a huge debt of gratitude to the humble chicken. Raw eggs were the original protein supplement, and egg protein, as a versatile alternative to...
Even for the average fitness enthusiast, the term ketone or ketone body may not mean much. There are some who associate it with the highly popularised “ketogenic diet” (also called Atkins...
Muscle building, fitness, strength, power, endurance, getting huge are great goals that people work very hard toward attaining, putting in lots of time, effort, and sheer pain in the gym. For some...
Raspberry Ketones have been one of the more exciting new ingredients in the last few years. There is a mounting pile of evidence showing these this fruit-derived compounds may prevent the...
Having a bit of ginger in your diet has always been a good bet. It's been used in Chinese, Indian and Arabic medicine since ancient times and it's widely used today for its ability to calm the...
Learn more about the different types of casein from casein concentrates to isolates to micellar casein and hydrolysed casein. Take a look at some of best casein powders and custards around and...
Casein has long been one of the most popular supplements on the market, and is definitely one of the safest. In 1997, researcher Yves Boirie and his team declared Casein to be "the only...
Casein is a high quality dairy protein with an excellent amino acid profile. It is rich in essential amino acids, including BCAAs, and contains other ingredients, like calcium, that stimulate...
Although Casein Hydrolysate and Micellar Casein are different forms of the same protein, these two types of casein have some very different properties that distinguish them from one another and...
Casein and whey are two of the most popular proteins on the market today. They are natural, high quality sources of protein derived from milk, and each have unique properties and benefits that...
Craze was a pre-workout supplement manufactured by Driven Sports, a company notorious in the sports nutrition industry. In a previous incarnation, Driven traded under the name "Designer...
Testosterone is what makes a man a man. As well as being an androgen, which means it produces male features, it is also anabolic, which means it causes growth. For this reason it is one of the...
Protein Requirements   Along with Carbohydrates and Fats, Protein is one of the three primary macronutrients required for the normal day to day functioning of the body. Protein requirements are not...
If you’re reading this article, it’s fair to infer that at one time or another you may have experienced the phenomena of protein farts. Protein farts or to put it more correctly; protein...
Protein only diets have become popular in the last decade or so, and diets like Atkins and Dukan, which place a strong emphasis on protein consumption have remained fixtures on the bestseller list....
Learn more about the Creatine Gluconate, a novel form of creatine which is bonded to a compound known as gluconic acid, which is derived from sugar. Fairly new to the market, it can already be found..
Learn more about creatine nitrate and creatine monohydrate, two popular forms of creatine. What are the benefits and negatives of each type of creatine and which should you choose as your next...
Creatine Use Since the early 20th century, creatine has been known to play a role within the muscles and since then, many aspects of creatine, its metabolism, and interactions have been...
With all the solid science behind creatine, it is no wonder it is often one of the top supplements for improving exercise performance and increasing lean gains. However, one of the problems of...
Creatine Phosphate or phosphocreatine serves as a reservoir of quick energy in our muscle cells. It is produced naturally by the liver, but many athletes choose to further increase creatine levels...
Creatine Monohydrate Facts Creatine Monohydrate is the most popular form of Creatine on the market. It is one of the most popular and best researched sports supplements on the market. Creatine...
Commonly referred to as the "building block of proteins"; amino acids come in all shapes and size. And to the lay consumer or novice supplement user, it can be a bit of a minefield trying to get...
Amino acids are often called the "Building Blocks of Protein" because the body makes proteins by putting specific combinations of amino acids together into long chains. Amino acids are therefore...
Buying supplements is never easy, especially secondary supplements such as amino acids, creatine, BCAAs and glutamine. But which one is better? Learn more about amino acid supplements and how they...
Creatine is one of the best researched sports supplements. For this reason, there is a lot of data on not only its efficacy as an ergogenic and cognitive enhancer, but also into its safety and side...
It is universally accepted that Creatine, one of the most popular sports supplements around, is effective in building lean muscle, however there is a lot of debate over how to take it. Do you take...
Amino Acids – What Are They? Amino acids are a class of biologically active organic molecules. They all have a basic structure for which they are named – the carbon backbone has a...
Amino acids and proteins both have an important place in muscle building and fitness supplementation. They both serve many functions including, most importantly, maintaining the positive nitrogen...
Pycnogenol is the name of a patented form of pine bark extract. It contains a mixture of flavonoids, catechins, phenolic acids and proanthocyanidins, all of which contribute to the clinical effects...
Creatine is generally considered to be one of the oldest, best studied, and most effective bodybuilding supplements on the market. However, when it comes to sports supplements, there is a lot of...
SAMe, or S-Adenosyl methionine is a chemical compound used throughout the body as a donor of methyl groups; this means that it allows other important chemical reactions to proceed that without it...
Ornithine is an amino acid, but not one that is used to create proteins. It plays a role in the urea cycle, in conjunction with citrulline and arginine, two other amino acids. It is produced within..
All of us have experienced post-workout soreness. This is caused by both mechanical and metabolic damage to the muscles, and it can reduce exercise capacity and sap motivation, causing missed gym...
Fucoxanthin is a Xanthophyll pigment found in marine algae and brown seaweed. It's a strong antioxidant, and has been gaining a lot of attention in the last few years because it has shown promise...
Folic Acid is the name of the B9 vitamin. It is used in the body to help create red blood cells and prevent anemia, as well as in the production and maintenance of DNA in cells...
There are many people that are looking for more natural supplements and health products, that have been provided by mother nature rather than someone in a lab. Whatever type of help with your muscle..
What is Noni? Noni is the fruit of Morinda citrifolia, a tree native to Australasia, South East Asia and the Carribean. The fruit is large and white, and also known as Great Morinda, Indian or...
L-Dopa is the precursor to several neurotransmitters including dopamine, norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and epinephrine (adrenaline). It is found within the human body as well as in other animals...
What is ZMA? ZMA is a supplement stack consisting of Zinc Monomethionine, Magnesium Aspartate, and often Vitamin B6, or Pyroxidine. It is claimed to increase strength and boost testosterone levels,...
Arachidonic acid is one of the major omega 6 poly-unsaturated fatty acids. In the body is involved in both cellular signaling through the cell membranes, as well as acting as an inflammatory...
What is Mangosteen?   Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is native to South East Asia, and is known as "The Queen of the tropical fruits". The fruit is dark purple in colour. The inedible purple...
Also known as Asiatic or Indian Pennywort, Gotu Kola is a perennial plant that can be used in herbal medicine or for culinary uses. Its scientific name is Centella asiatica. It is generally used to...
Astragalus is a flowering plant used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in the practise, generally for increasing the metabolism and sweating, improving...
Cinnamon is used as a spice in culinary dishes from many countries; it consists of the inner bark from trees in the Cinnamomum genus. In order to collect it the bark is peeled from the tree, and...
Gamma Oryzanol is actually a group of several different compounds based on a ferulic acid backbone. It is a component of rice bran oil. It is extracted from the germ of rice, and use for cooking...
Pyruvate is an organic acid involved in the energy production pathways in the body. It is produced from glucose, and can then be converted back in carbohydrates or into fatty acids for storage...
Chlorophyll - What is it? Chlorophyll is the pigment in plants and algae that gives them their green colour. It is also the main molecule behind photosynthesis, which is the chemical reaction used...
Thanks to support from BPI, four-time Mr Olympia Jay Cutler now has his own range of supplements. Heading up the Jay Cutler Elite Series line-up his is very own blended protein powder, Total...
Cnidium monnieri, also known as Monnier's Snow Parsley, is a flowering plant whose fruits are traditionally used in Chinese medicine. However the seeds also contain the active compounds and are...
Phosphatidylserine is a lipid derived from amino acids. It is similar in structure to triglycerides, the form in which fat is stored in the body, but with two...
Hemp protein is a by product from the processing of hemp seeds. The hemp plant is also known as as cannabis or marijuana, but the strains used for production of seeds, fibre...
Melatonin is a hormone found in humans and most animals, and is responsible for maintaining the circadian rhythm and sleep patterns. It is produced in low levels of light in the pineal gland...
Whey protein hydrolysates represent the top tier of whey protein supplements. They are generally the most expensive and offer the most benefits for muscle recovery and growth. But just like their...
St John's Wort is a yellow flowering herb. The name comes from its habit of flowering and being harvested on the 24th of June, or St Johns Day. On this day it was...
Chia, or Salvia hispanica, is a nutrient-dense seed which has experienced a recent surge in popularity and is being hailed as a superfood. It is thought to be the richest plant source of omega-3...
The pomegranate is an edible fruit about the size of a grapefruit or slightly smaller. It has very thick, reddish coloured skin and is filled with seeds, each contained within a capsule of fluid...
Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis) is a medicinal herb native to China. It is sometimes known as Female Ginseng, Chinese Angelica or Danggui. The plant has been used in traditional...
The Latest Supplement Research   White Beans – Effective Weight Loss Product A new weight loss product has shown potential in a recent study. White beans, or Phaseolus vulgaris, may increase the...
Garcinia cambogia is a tropical species of the family Garcinia, a group of evergreen plants and shrubs. It produces a yellow fruit that is similar in shape to a pumpkin,...
Mucuna Pruriens is a tropical legume, or bean producing plant. It is known by many other names, often relating to the intense itching the tiny hairs on the plant produce...
Caffeine is arguably the most studied and proven ergogenic aid in the field of sports nutrition. But caffeine is also unique in that there are so many variables that affect an individual’s response...
Named after its chemical structure, diindolylmethane consists of two indole groups attached to a methane molecule. It is often shortened to the acronym DIM. It is found in cruciferous vegetables...
Not just for vegetarians, the benefits of the humble soybean have been known to most nutrition-conscious people for a long time now. Black soybeans have recently been...
Hoodia gordonii is a small succulent plant. It has no leaves but some spines, and is pollinated by flies. It attracts these with the rotting meat smell its flowers produce...
What is Ursolic Acid? Ursolic acid (also known as Ursol, Prunol, Malol or Apple Peel Extract) is a substance found in many varieties of plants. It comes from a family of chemicals known as the...
Its chemical name is alpha-hydroxyisocaproic acid, commonly known by the abbreviation HICA. It is also known as Leucic acid. HICA is a metaboliteof the branch chain amino acid Leucine, meaning it is p
Chewable multivitamins are similar in constituency to regular multivitamins that come in tablet or capsule form, but are made to resemble gummy candies in taste and appearance. More commonly made in c
Fish oil is one of the most popular nutritional supplements used today, and has a lot of well studied benefits which are recognised by health professionals. Krill oil has only come onto the market...
What is Cyclopentamine? Cyclopentamine is a compound which was originally used as an over the counter nasal decongestant but also has a range of stimulant properties – similar to that of other...
Ecdysterone, (or 20-hydroxyecdysone) is an insect hormone which plays a role in controlling ecdysis, another name for the moulting and metamorphosis process in insects and some...
Vanadyl Sulfate is a stable complex of the elements Vanadium, Sulfur and Oxygen. Vanadium is classified as an ultratrace element and there is controversy over whether it is essential for humans in ...
Velvet antler refers to the cartilaginous antlers of moose, elk, and deer. It is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, where dried slices are brewed into a tea and drunk, but is becoming more popul...
Sesamin is a lignin compound derived from sesame seeds. Of sesame oil, about 1-2% is the non-fat fragment, and sesamin is one of the many compounds found in that...
Black Cohosh is an unusual looking plant, with leaves up to a metre long, a thick knotted root system and protruding rhizomes from the ground. It has numerous alternate...
What are Omega-6 & Omega-9? Omega-6 and Omega-9 are families of unsaturated fatty acids that have final double bonds six, and nine carbon atoms away from the methyl end of the fatty acid molecule...
What is Yacon Syrup? Yacon syrup is a functional food with one of the highest naturally occurring concentrations of fructooligosaccharide (FOS). FOS is a compound that tastes sweet, but cannot be...
What is Fucoxanthin? Fucoxanthin is a xanthopyll, a yellow pigment compound. Similarly to chlorophyll it assists with the absorption and regulation of light to be used as energy in plants, but is...
What is Borage Oil? Borage oil is a plant oil containing the highest known natural concentration (26-38%) of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Borage oil is made up of a number of other fatty acids,...
Ubiquitol is a form of co-enzyme Q10. This enzyme is present in most cells, and forms a part of the energy release process that occurs in mitochondria. This involves the transport of electrons in a...
What is Artichoke Extract? Artichoke extract is simply a dehydrated form of the commonly eaten vegetable, the artichoke. Where Does Artichoke Extract Come From? Artichoke is grown from a species of...
What is Strontium? Strontium is a non-essential trace mineral with properties similar to calcium. Like calcium, strontium is able to incorporate into bone. The ratio of calcium to strontium in...
What is Licorice Root? Whilst licorice is best known to most of us as a controversial candy flavour, licorice root (scientific name Glycyrrhiza glabra), has been used medicinally throughout the...
5-HTP, or 5-hydroxytryptophan, is an amino acid which the body makes naturally from tryptophan, another amino acid which we ingest as part of the protein in food. It is a precursor to the neurotran...
Green coffee extract is simply raw or unroasted coffee beans that have been crushed and the active ingredients extracted. Raw coffee beans, as the name suggests, are green seeds that have been removed
Garlic is actually the bulb of a plant closely related to onions. It has been widely used in cooking and herbal medicine for many thousands of years, and its many beneficial properties are still known
Boron is an ‘ultra-trace’ element, meaning it is needed by the body in indescribably small amounts. In a laboratory setting it is difficult even to induce a deficiency in rats – it’s necessary to...
What is White Mulberry? White Mulberry, also known as Morus Alba is a native Asian plant that has traditionally been cultivated as a food for silk worms, but is fast becoming a popular health food...
What are Milk Protein Supplements? Milk Protein Supplements emulate the pure repairing benefits of natural mother’s milk. Milk protein powders use effective fats, balanced with proteins, to make...
Cycling is one of the most popular recreational and competitive sports nowadays, with the cycling industry and government reports suggesting record sales and participation levels respectively ....
Being sick is probably one of the things people hate most. Whether it’s a nasty cold or a full blown flu, most would give anything to keep themselves from getting sick. With the absence of infection b
The world of protein supplements is growing day by day. With more brands, greater demand and innovation comes more variety in the industry. No longer are you confined to either milk based proteins...
What is Berberine? Berberine is a compound that is commonly found in plants based in Asia and have long been used as a all purpose remedy in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic Medicine. A...
Creatine monohydrate is possibly the most popular and researched backed ergogenic aid available. For this reason, there have been many attempts to develop new forms of creatine that offer greater effe
Generally speaking, Dendrobium refers to a large genus of orchids. However, in the context of bodybuilding and supplements, it refers specifically to one particular species, Dendrobium nobile, or...
Nitrate supplements are an exciting emerging line of sports nutrition supplements based on new discoveries about nitrates ability to act as precursors of nitric oxide. Such discoveries have helped exp
Tyrosine is a conditionally essential amino acid because under normal conditions the body synthesizes sufficient quantities from phenylalanine.
Cyclic dextrins (or cyclodextrins) are a specific group type of carbohydrate that are essentially six to eight molecules of glucose (dextrose) chemically bonded together in the shape of a ring. Chemic
What Is Creatine Pyruvate? Creatine pyruvate is a novel form of creatine that is designed to enhance creatine’s absorption over the traditional form of creatine, namely, creatine monohydrate....
Originally developed in Melbourne, Australia, Viraloid is a trademarked name, which refers to a combination of tribulus and wild yam. This mixture contains a potent blend of steroidal alkaloids call..
Enzymes are any protein that is able to speed up the rate of a biological reaction within the body. In the world of bodybuilding and sports nutrition, enzymes generally refer to a group of digestive..
Lysine is an essential amino acid that is needed for health and life. Besides this, lysine is a major player in HGH supplements, and may have a role in helping to increase the natural level of grow...
7-Keto is a compound produced by the metabolism of the steroid prohormone dyhydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). t is biologically active and has been said that 7-keto can help with weight loss through incr..
What is Turkesterone? Turkesterone is an ecdysteroid which are steroid hormones found commonly in insects but can also be found in certain plant species. These are known as phytoecdysteroids. In...
Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine is an essential water soluble vitamin. It is needed for sugar and amino acid metabolism, as well as the synthesis of neurotransmitters...
Vitamin B5, also known as pantothenic acid, is an essential water soluble vitamin that is needed for proper energy metabolism as well as healthy skin...
Kola nuts are bitter fruits of kola trees, which belong to the Cola genus. The nut contains caffeine, and it's no coincidence that the world's best known caffeinated beverage is also named "Coca Cola"
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) or lucerne, is a nutritious legume plant that looks similar to clover. It is used extensively in agriculture as an animal feed. However, the sprouts and leaves of alfalfa...
Learn more about Sulbutiamine, a synthetic derivative of Thiamine which may improve memory, muscle weakness and erectile dysfunction
Inosine is a nucleic acid or nucleoside derivative, which is a purine base, comparable to well-known DNA bases, adenine and guanine.
What is Rose Hip? Rose Hip or rose haw is the fruit from the rose plant. The fruit itself has a wide variety of uses, most of which involves consuming the fruit in one form of another. Often used...
Phenylethylamine or PEA is a naturally occurring alkaloids that has functions as a neuromodulator or neurotransmitter. It has potential benefits as a stimulant, and as a way to elevate mood and to p..
Gynostemma pentaphyllum also known as jiaogulan is a vine belonging to the cucumber family. It is used as a herbal medicine which may have antioxidant effects, increase exercise performance, provide..
Guanidinopropionic acid is a creatine analogue. Guanidinopropionic acid is used with diabetic patients to help improve glucose levels. It does this by increasing the sensitivity of insulin.
Glycocyamine is one of the immediate precursors to creatine, thus explaining its popularity in bodybuilding supplements.
The term “olive leaves” refers to a mixture of leaves and branches from both the pruning of olive trees and the harvesting and cleaning of olives. The production of olive leaves from pruning is ~25 k
What is Pygeum? Pygeum is an extract derived from the bark of a tree native to certain regions of Africa. Over the past three decades, there has been growing research and interest for the use of...
Over recent years, lycopene has gained attention of nutritionists and other scientists because of its powerful effects as an antioxidant and potential to show benefits against heart disease, cancer...
Yerba mate is a Spanish name for a green plant known as Ilex paragariensis to botanists and belonging to the holly family. It has applications for bodybuilding and exercise because it has stimulant...
Aloe vera is a succulent plant belonging to the Liliaceal family, of which there are more than 360 species. Aloe vera is a common name for Aloe barbadensis, the most widely used species of aloe.
Goji berry is the popular name given to the small red fruit Lycium barbarum, from the family Solanaceae. Goji berries are a well-known traditional Chinese medicine1 and are widely consumed in China an
As the name suggests, plant protein is the protein from plants. Just like protein from other sources, it can be used to promote lean gains, fat loss, and muscle recovery...
What is Octopamine? Octopamine or β,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine is a compound that was originally extracted from the salivary glands of octopus. It is similar in function to noradrenaline, which is...
Phenibut is a derivative of GABA and is able to cross the blood brain barrier. It has been reported that phenibut is able to improve mental performance as well as reduce anxiety and improve sleep...
Ginger is commonly referred to as the ‘rhizome’ of the plant ginger, which carries the botanical name, Zingiber officinale. Ginger root has been cultivated for thousands of years as a spice and a
Potassium is an essential macro mineral that is needed for proper functioning of the body. It is an electrolyte and is responsible for a range of processes such as pH balance, nerve and muscle control
What is Agmatine? Agmatine is a compound that is normally produced in the human body through a process in which l-arginine is decarboxylated and transformed into Agmatine. Since the compound first...
Gamma linolenic acid (GLA) is an omega-6 unsaturated essential fatty acid. made in the human body from linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid found in vegetable oils and egg yolks.
Huperzine A is a naturally occurring alkaloid that has been used as a herbal medicine in China for centuries for treating a variety of disorders. However, more recently, evidence has emerged to show..
It has been said that a Chinese goat herder noticed that after consuming this herb, his goats became more sexually active. Consequently, Horny Goat Weed has been popularised as a potential aphrodisiac
Glucuronolactone is a naturally occurring solid white compound that has applications for bodybuilding and exercise. There is evidence to suggest that it may be useful in increasing both physical and..
Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that is generally classified as a B-complex vitamin. Biotin is required at the active site of five enzymes in the human body, collectively known as ‘carboxylases’.
Carbohydrates (or carbs) are organic molecules that are eventually broken down into single sugar units, which can be used as a primary source of energy for the synthesis of more complex molecules...
Chlorella contains abundant protein and chlorophyll compared with other plants, and also large quantities of minerals, such as iron and magnesium, and vitamins, such as folate, vitamin B-6 and vitamin
Wheatgrass is a nutrient packed supplement prepared from the grass or leaves of the common wheat plant (Triticum aestivum) at a relatively young age. At this stage, it contains high levels of...
Humans and animals require selenium for the function of a number of selenium-dependent enzymes, also known as selenoproteins. Selenium is known primarily for its antioxidant activity and is role...
What is Niacin? Niacin or vitamin B3 is an essential vitamin and nutrient which has long been used to help improve cholesterol and lipid profiles. Vitamin B3 can refer to both niacin as well as...
Curcumin is the principal polyphenol component of turmeric that imparts its characteristic yellow colour. It is thought to be responsible for much of turmeric’s reported anti-oxidant and anti-inflamma
MSM is a sulphur containing compound, and it can be used for the treatment of osteoarthritis and the maintenance of joints health. If you're joints are well worn from a life time of strenuous physic..
What is Manganese? Manganese is an essential mineral that is commonly used in steel and iron production but was also originally used in batteries. It is also crucial to human health due to its...
Quercetin is a naturally occuring flavonoid that is found exclusively in a diverse range of fruits, vegetables and beverages such as tea and wine. It is particularly high in the skins of grapes...
What is L-Theanine? Theanine, L-Theanine or gamma-glutamylethylamide is a non-protein amino acid which is similar in structure to glutamine; the most abundant amino acid in our bodies. Originally...
Krill are small prawn-like marine crustacean that belong to the Euphausia genus. A certain species, Antarctic krill, is used to make krill oil, which has recently proven to be superior in nutrient...
Oxidation can cause cell death, which can lead to many diseases and reductions in exercise performance. Antioxidants can help to reduce cell damage, and hence speed up recovery and provide other...
What is Kava Kava? Kava Kava or simply Kava is a plant native to Western Pacific regions of Polynesia, Melanesia and Micronesia including places such as Tonga, Vanuatu, Hawaii, Samoa and French...
What is Jojoba? Jojoba is a shrub plant that is native in Southern United States, especially in the deserts of California, Arizona and Mexico. Also known as the goat nut or the pig nut bush,...
Acetyl-l-carnitine is made in the body from l-carnitine. In addition to boosting l-carnitine, it has been shown to have additional separate effects from l-carnitine, particularly on neural function...
Learn more about conjugated linoleic acids and how it can help you lose weight and gain muscle at the same time!
Unlike whey, the protein quality of hydrolysed collagen is incomplete, but it does have a unique amino acid profile which gives it benefits of its own..
MCTs have completely different chemical and biological properties compared to other fats and oils. They have been well studied for their ability to aid in weight and fat loss, as well as also provid..
Without protein your body cannot synthesise or repair muscle, which is why protein is probably one of the number one nutrients to consider when taking up bodybuilding or intensive exercise. Many...
Inositol is a sugar-like carbohydrate, that has long been known for its fat metabolism properties, and more recently, it has also been known to improve insulin sensitivity and provide other benefic...
Fish oil has received a lot of positive attention in the last few years. With an increasing number of people knowing the difference between good and bad fats, more people are appreciating the many...
Vitamin B12 is a water soluble B group vitamin that is essential for health. It has has a range of functions within the body including red blood cell synthesis, neurological function, and DNA synthe..
Dextrose (AKA glucose) is a simple sugar that is the primary source of energy for the body. It is rapidly digested and is therefore important for athletes and bodybuilders to increase workout potent..
There are a few things most bodybuilders don’t like. Smallness, 5 guys standing around the one machine and taking 30 minutes to complete one set, excessive grunting, excessive hissing, people who...
Long Jack is a very bitter tasting small tree with medicinal properties. It has traditionally been used as an aphrodisiac, but may also have applications to bodybuilding by boosting testosterone...
Cranberries are a sweet and sour edible berry which has, over recent years, received a lot of attention because it has been classified as a "super food". Cranberries are rich in nutrients and antiox..
Cissus quadrangularis or Devil's Backbone is a plant belonging to the grape family. It has been used in traditional Indian medicine for centuries as an analgesic (pain reliever) and treatment for...
Amino Acids For Muscle Growth. Any bodybuilder, athlete or anyone who works out regularly should know that in order to get muscles to grow, we need an abundant supply of protein or amino acids,...
WPI (or whey protein isolate) is a form of whey protein that has been processed in such a fashion that many of the impurities such as carbs and fats are removed from whey. This results in a higher...
Gymnema sylvestre is plant has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of diabetes in India for centuries.
Guggulsterones have been identified as the active agents in the resin of the Commiphora mukul tree, which has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for more than 2000 years to treat a variety of ailments...
Whey protein is probably one of the best known supplements used by bodybuilders today. It is a complete protein, meaning it contains all the essential amino acids, and is of very high and rapid...
What are Carb Blockers? Carb Blockers are commonly presented & sold as Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods in Australia. Carbohydrates are quite possibly one of the most publicised "evils" when...
What is Vitamin K? Vitamin K is an essential fat soluble vitamin. It is not a single compound, but a group of chemically related compounds that serve the same purpose. Vitamin K naturally exists...
Alpha lipoic acid has been studied for a range of medical uses. However, what may be of most interest to us is that it shows huge promise in being able to promote strength and lean gains through its..
What is Bilberry? Commonly referred to as the European blueberry (and with species name Vaccinium myrtillus L.); bilberry is a low-growing shrub of the Ericaceae family1, 2. The berries are tasty,...
Polydextrose is a tasteless synthetic form of soluble dietary fibre that is synthesised by combining glucose (AKA dextrose) molecules together. It has applications for weight and fat loss, as well...
Valerian is a herbal sleeping aid that has been used for decades and has been well documented for its ability to safely treat insomnia. It is said to have a sedative and calming effect...
DMAA (1,3 dimethylamylamine) is an organic compound, effective stimulant and popular ingredient in supplements that can help you make better lean gains and even burn some fat...
Micellar casein is an insoluble form of casein that is revered for its slow release properties. The term "micellar" refers to the fact that these proteins naturally aggregate into "micelles" when in..
Brahmi is considered a nootropic agent, which is the term given to a drug that improves mental functions such as cognition, memory, intelligence, motivation, attention, and concentration.
Cordyceps sinensis is a species of fungus that has been used as a traditional herbal aphrodisiac and treatment for fatigue. Today, it is extremely valuable and has applications in bodybuilding and...
Acidophilus is a species of bacteria belonging to the Lactobacillus genus. They are probiotics and are considered to be good bacteria because they help fight off bad bacteria in the digestive system..
Acai is a berry super food that has exploded onto the health food scene recently. It is packed full of potentially health promoting nutrients, some of which are well known among the scientific...
What Is Humanofort? Humanofort™ is a patented Romanian supplement said to be beneficial for a whole host of medical and clinical issues including raising testosterone levels to reducing cortisol...
What Is Vitamin B6? Vitamin B6 is an essential vitamin that must be derived from the diet. Vitamin B6 does not actually refer to a specific chemical entity, but rather it is the collective name...
Glucosamine is one of the best known supplements in the world. Glucosamine plays a role in building cartilage, which is the substance between joints that provides cushioning. Glucosamine can be used..
Phenylalanine serves as the precursor to tyrosine, which in turn serves as the precursor to the catecholamines (dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine), melanin and thyroid hormones.
Vitamin A was the first vitamin to be discovered. It is a group of fat soluble compounds that are vital to life. Its best known function is that it's needed for night vision. However, unknown to...
Vitamin C (or ascorbic acid) is probably one of the most famous of the water soluble vitamins. It serves some vital functions such as being involved in the synthesis of collagen, L-carnitine, and...
Vitamin E is one of the essential fat soluble vitamins. The best known function of vitamin E is that it's a powerful antioxidant that protects the body from free radical damage...
Zinc is second only to iron in body content and half of the body's total zinc is present in muscle, making zinc a crucial mineral for immunity, growth and development.
Evening primrose oil is a plant oil extract that is rich in linoleic acid omega 6 oils, as well as some gamma linolenic acid (GLA). It provides essential fatty acids that are needed for good health...
White kidney beans (or cannellini beans) is an effective carb blocker and may help you reduce weight by shedding off excess fat while also helping to maintain lean muscle mass...
What is L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine? (also known as Glutamine Dipeptide) L-alanyl-L-glutamine as the name suggests is a dipeptide made up of the amino acids, alanine and glutamine. L-alanyl-l-glutamine...
Theobromine is a naturally occurring alkaloid that is a close chemical relative of caffeine. In the world of bodybuilding, it could help to improve workout intensity as well as being a natural diur...
Flaxseed oil (also known as linseed oil) is a tasty oil that is known for its high concentration of omega 3 fatty acids. In fact, no other plant contains as high levels as flaxseed oil. For this...
Stevia is a natural non-caloric sweetener that has been used for centuries by South Americans, and more recently by the Japanese. It is suitable for use by diabetics and by those on low carbohydrate..
Learn more about forskolin, an interesting ingredient which may have a wide range of health applications including weight loss.
Iron is an essential trace mineral. There are many benefits of iron for the bodybuilder and athlete. Iron is needed for optimum performance, immune function, mental function, and thermoregulaion...
What is Ginkgo Biloba? Gingko biloba has existed for over 250 million years and may grow to 40m, and live for over 1,000 years1. The extracts of the gingko biloba leaves have been used for...
Lecithin is a fatty substance that can be found in both plants and animals. It is a very useful material commonly used in food processing, and it even has benefits for general health...
What is Evodiamine? Evodiamine is a chemical compound extracted from a particular species of tree and is said to possess antiobesity effects along with anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious...
Sodium bicarb is an old school supplement, nothing fancy, that when consumed, is able to increase blood carbonate levels (and hence pH) and buffer against fatigue from exercise induced acid build up..
Betaine, also known as trimethylglycine is an important naturally occurring amino acid in the body that has a variety of functions. It is most well-known for its function as an osmolyte...
What is DMAE? DMAE or dimethylaminoethanol is an organic compound that has been around for a couple of decades for both industrial and pharmaceutical purposes. Better known as Deanol in European...
Saw Palmetto is a small palm tree, containing an extract that has been traditionally used to treat a variety of urinary and reproductive issues. It has been common used by doctors in Italy and...
What is Choline? Choline is considered an essential nutrient for everyday health and must be consumed in the diet or as a supplement. It is usually grouped with the B vitamins and has several...
Golden Root, also known as Rhodiola rosea, Roseroot, or Aaron's Rod is a flowering plant known for its potential as a mood elevating herb. It has been used for centuries by the Russians and...
Beta-alanine is a non-essential amino acid that classified as a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which means it is not involved in protein synthesis and thus does not naturally occur in proteins as a...
Milk thistle (or St Mary’s thistle) is arguably one of the most intensively researched and promising herbal treatments considered for duty in front line medicine. Traditionally, milk thistle has...
What Are Amino Acids? Amino acids are essentially the building blocks of protein, which are required for many important functions and processes within the human body. There are 22 standard amino...
What is Boswellia? Boswellia is a genus of trees native to tropical areas in Africa and Asia and whose fragrant resins have long been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for a whole host of...
Guarana is well known for its high concentration of caffeine. This together with other compounds present may make guarana an effective tool for bodybuilders and dieters. It has potential as a...
What is African Mango? African Mango, also known as Bush Mango or Irvingia is a native mango species to Africa and Southeast Asia. The trees themselves are valued for their mango like fruits as...
Willow bark extract (or salicin) is natural anti-inflammatory that is chemically similar to aspirin. Over the years it has been used effectively as one of the many ingredients in weight and fat loss..
Ornithine α-ketoglutarate (OKG) is a salt formed of two molecules of ornithine and one molecule of α-Ketoglutarate. OKG is unique in that its positive effects cannot be replicated when giving only...
Colostrum is very rich in nutrients such as protein, vitamins, as well as antibodies. It serves as a good food source for bodybuilders and because it has potential as an ergogenic aid...
Ashwaganda (Withania somnifera) or Indian ginseng has been used for centuries in traditional Indian medicine, and has been reported to have benefits including improving physical performance, provid..
As the name suggests, egg protein is the protein from eggs, namely the egg white (or albumen). Decades ago, before whey protein came into the scene, the preferred protein of choice for bodybuilding...
Raspberry Ketones The smell of raspberries brings back memories of pavlova and cough syrup. While everyone has different opinions of raspberries, there is no doubt that it is fast becoming a...
Spirulina is an edible form of fresh water algae. Being high in protein, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and essential fatty acids, it is known for its rich array of nutrients and potential ergog...
Fish Protein Powder - Cow’s milk protein has by far been the most predominant supplemental protein for the last…..well, since forever really. Separated into the two protein fractions, casein and...
Whether you're a vegetarian, or an omnivorous bodybuilder, you probably already know that legumes are a great source of protein. Therefore, it should be no surprise that legumes such as soy can be...
Both prebiotics and probiotics help to increase the numbers and health of the good bacteria that live in your gut. This results in a few potential health effects, the best well known of such is...
What Are Persimmons? Persimmons are an edible, orange/yellow coloured fruit originally believed to have originated from China before being introduced to close by countries Japan and Korea....
Capsaicin is found in the Capsicum genus (chili peppers). It is the substance that makes your tongue burn while eating a hot curry. However, capsaicin may actually be helpful for weight and fat loss..
Over the recent years, green tea has possibly been one of the most well studied herbal remedies. It has been linked to a variety of health promoting effects such as thermogenesis and protection from..
Chromium is one of the essential minerals, and is needed for carbohydrate and fat metabolism. It is thought that supplementation with chromium may be able to improve lean gains as well as aid in fat..
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a neurotransmitter and plays a role in the regulation of muscle tone. It may help to increase levels of hGH in order to improve lean gains, fat loss, and even aid...
Most of us know what dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is. But what you may not know, is that dandelion is an effective diuretic which can be helpful in your journey to look shredded, while also...
Many people are familiar with creatine, and its well established ability to increase strength and lean gains. But is creatine ethyl ester an improvement on the proven effects of creatine monohydrate?
Ginseng has been used for centuries as herbal health tonics in many parts of the world. Over the last few decades, ginseng has made its way into western culture for its potential health benefits
Citrus Aurantium - Is it really an alternative to ephedra? Used commonly for fat loss and cutting up Citrus Aurantium is found in most thermogenic fat burners and is an important ingredient to aid...
Resveratrol is a phenol that naturally occurs in a few plants. It is something of interest to bodybuilders because it may have oestrogen blocking, fat burning, and nitric oxide increasing properties.
Coenzyme Q10 is a lipid soluble vitamin-like substance, found in the mitochondria of cells, and is involved in the production of ATP during aerobic respiration. Much like a real vitamin, it is now...
Arginine is an amino acid that has been investigated for its potential properties in enhancing athletic performance. It is of interest to bodybuilders as it may increase "the pump", as well as...
In bodybuilding, taurine is often singled out for its antioxidant, cell-volumising and muscle contractile regulation properties. But taurine is a versatile amino acid with many other beneficial effect
A series of recent studies by Japanese researchers suggests that the high content of branched-chain amino acid-containing dipeptides in whey hydrolysate is key to its superior anabolic properties
Can taking magnesium improve your strength and/or help with muscle gain? A few studies have explored this issue, with some encouraging findings...
One of the most commonly stressed nutrients for bodybuilding and fat reduction is protein. However, something novel to consider is calcium intake. Calcium is a mineral found in dairy products and...
Milk can be broken up into two major protein groups. Casein makes up the vast majority of the protein content of milk (80%). The remaining 20% contains a group of proteins collectively known as...
A review of beta-alanine supplementation including key facts to maximise the benefits and minimise the side-effects of beta-alanine for training and competition.
Greens or phytonutrients are a group of plant derived supplements aimed at providing individuals with a huge array of nutrients. With the busy lifestyles of the modern populous, it is no surprise...
Maca is a plant from the Peruvian mountains that has been used for approximately 2000 years. Natives endorse the consumption of this herb to increase stamina, strength, fertility, and sex drive...
Creatine has been clinically proven time and again to be effective in building strength and muscle. Consequently, it is one of the must have supplements for bodybuilders, weight lifters, and other...
Oral citrulline has been shown to be more effective than oral arginine at raising blood levels of arginine. So what is citrulline; what foods is it in; and how is it linked with arginine in the body?
Learn about Vitamin D and it's effects relating to Bodybuilding, Strength, Weight Training & Muscle Hypertrophy. How does it affect Testosterone Production, Fertility & performance. Traditionally...
Endurance and stamina are important aspects of exercise and bodybuilding, and can help give you better muscle definition. One of the more forgotten, yet apparently effective performance enhancing...
Carnitine Carnitine is arguably one of the most well-known supplements in the bodybuilding industry. It’s been around for decades…literally! Most gym enthusiasts have tried it at one time or...
Creatine - The Basics If you’ve been working out for a while or have been in the sporting industry for a long time, you would’ve most likely heard of creatine. Many of you would have probably also...
GPLC - What Is It? GPLC or glycine propionyl L-carnitine is a propionyl ester of carnitine which contains an additional glycine component. Propionyl L-carnitine or PLC is a natural endogenous...
Imagine a nutrient that could protect against some of the most prevalent diseases in the world today. No doubt that if such an ingredient existed, everyone would be trying to get their hands on it...
Astaxanthin – What Is It?   Astaxanthin. It may be a mouthful to say, but recently this compound has had increasing interest in the health and nutrition world. Found in algae, salmon, krill, trout,...
Hydrolysed Protein - Protein is by all standards one of the most, if not THE most important nutrient related to bodybuilding and muscular adaptations. The body will conserve...
Tea or Coffee? Tea and coffee are two of the most widely consumed drinks in the world. But besides the taste and its ability to wake us up, is there something in these two drinks which may be...
D-amino acids especially D-Aspartic acid (DAA) have been identified to have important biological roles in the neurological and endocrine systems.
Due to legislative change Ephedra is now unavailable. Fortunately advancements in research and development in the sports supplement industry has resulted in the release of new supplements.
Essential amino acids are those necessary for good health that can’t be synthesised by the body, so need to be ingested as part of the diet. Eight amino acids are...
What is Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA)? Hydroxycitric acid (HCA), as its name suggests, is a natural derivative of citric acid. It can be found in the rind of fruits such as Malabar Tamarinds and some...
BioPerine is used in sports supplements to enhance the bioavailability of nutrients through increased absorption. BioPerine or black pepper extract contains the active compound piperine, which is
AKG is a well-proven, versatile and highly effective supplement. In athletes and patients, AKG spares glutamine, thus enhancing its synthesis and availability.
What is Protodioscin? Protodioscin is a steroidal saponin found in a variety of plant species including the Tribulus, Trigonella and Dioscorea families. It is used in supplements to increase...
What is Avena Sativa? Avena Sativa is the latin name for the common oat, an annual grass grown for its edible grain. The seeds and stems are typically used. How Has Avena Sativa Been Commonly...
Research has indicated that Taurine improves exercise performance by increasing muscle strength, help the body better use glucose, and protects the body form exercise induced muscle damage.
Carnosine is important for athletes such as bodybuilders wanting to increase the training intensity, as it elevates the training threshold in prolonged periods of anaerobic work.
Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) consist of Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine. They are essential amino acids as humans cannot survive unless these amino acids form part of the diet.
L-Valine is an amino acid and also a branched-chain amino acid found in high concentration in the muscles.
What is L-Isoleucine? L-Isoleucine is one of the essential amino acids that cannot be made by the body and is known for its ability to help endurance and assist in the repair and rebuilding of...
What is l-Leucine? L-Leucine is one of the essential Amino Acids and one of three Branched Chained Amino Acids, along with Isoleucine & Valine. There are eight Essential Amino Acids in total, with...
The popular amino acid L-Glutamine is found in protein powders, beans, meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, and of course, L-Glutamine supplements. Glutamine is one of the twenty nonessential amino..
Waxy maize starch is made up of amylopectin, which is a form of carbohydrate that is much more slowly digested compared to ordinary starch. This provides more sustained energy for bodybuilders and...
HMB is very well studied and there have been numerous scientific publications that show it has anabolic, lipolytic, and recovery boosting effects. In fact, the evidence supporting HMB is so strong...
The herb Tribulus Terrestris first gained prominence as a ‘secret weapon’ employed by Bulgarian weightlifters. Tribulus Terrestris is supposed to have many metabolic properties including...